I man-shamed my boyfriend on Twitter and it got published on Buzzfeed…
He’s not seen it yet.
He totally deserved it.
Link to article here.
I man-shamed my boyfriend on Twitter and it got published on Buzzfeed…
He’s not seen it yet.
He totally deserved it.
Link to article here.
Meow! Controversial “debates” abound this week with the argument (mainly from radical feminists) that trans women can’t be “real” women because they experienced male privilege while growing up. First off, this is a complete non-argument; it’s like saying I can’t identify as disabled because I was healthy up until my teens, or because I had a brain tumour that others couldn’t see, that I experienced “able privilege”.
So you’re probably able to summarise my thoughts on the matter quite succinctly. I am: it’s utter bollocks. But let’s delve a little deeper to highlight some of the errors, contradictions and downright fantasies that make up this viewpoint.
|The male privilege argument
This is the most controversial of all the points, for me, because there is a grain of truth behind it. We don’t choose to have privilege in any given situation. It is as much about people’s perceptions of an individual as it is about the actual characteristic that is said to be responsible for the advantage. So while a trans woman may have experienced terrible suffering and marginalisation as a child due to their gender identity, it doesn’t mean that they weren’t perceived as male, and therefore treated like a boy (and this will have added to their problems).
|Privilege doesn’t cancel itself out
There isn’t a scorecard of oppression that we use to decide who gets the most points in any given situation. Intersectionality is a wonderful frame to consider complex relationships between different axes of privilege. And it’s for that reason that it’s not a totting-up exercise. A trans woman who was once considered male doesn’t lose the trauma and dysphoria of her earlier years due to the concept of male privilege. It’s not Top Trumps, people!
|There is no universal standard of womanliness
You’ve often heard it said that there’s more variation within a population than between populations. And it’s true in this case! There’s so much variability in people’s experiences of childhood, that I couldn’t tell you what a typical childhood even is, let alone a typical “socialised female” childhood. If we’re going to say that trans women never had the experience of growing up as a girl, we’re going to have to exclude a lot of “real” girls from that as well.
|Trans women are women
There are so many different facets of what it means to be a woman. we can pick and choose the criteria in whatever way we like, but they will never give a complete picture, and every single definition we choose is going to unjustly exclude somebody. Perhaps the problem is that we are looking for too rigid a characterisation, like a Girls Only club with secret passwords and a ladies-only treehouse. I feel that this is one of the failures of trans-exclusionary arguments: that because historically women have been oppressed as a class, we must protect the definition of “woman”. But what then? We have our perfect definition that can never be challenged, and this is going to help us to fight the patriarchy… how? Isn’t it better to expand the definition of “woman” to reflect the entire female experience and to increase the number of allies?
|Privilege works both ways
Transgender people are disadvantaged on just about every scale you can think of. More likely to be unemployed, more likely to be the victim of crime, more likely to attempt suicide, more likely to live in poverty, more likely to experience direct and indirect discrimination, etc, etc. I could sit here listing these all night. It makes the male privilege argument rather redundant when you consider the unending torrent of disadvantage many trans people have to wade through every single day of their lives. And let’s not forget that those making the trans-exclusionary argument are almost always white, middle-class and wealthy. Have they checked their privilege recently?
|Men aren’t the problem, either
This “debate” inevitably ends up with someone claiming that trans women are men. Well, that ain’t so, and even if it was, it’s a fallacious route to head down. While it is true that the majority of gendered violence is perpetuated by men, it is by a minority of men. We hear so much about them because they create a toxic culture that often goes unchallenged and causes numerous disadvantages for women. There are feminists who believe that all men are an immediate threat, and they are wrong. There are plenty of things that we are all guilty of, like bias, stereotyping and sexist language, but they aren’t the same as rape and murder. This is a bit like comparing all the “arguments” against Islamic doctrine to terrorism – it’s just nonsense. Oh yeah, one more thing. I’ll say it again: trans women are not men.
|What about the (trans) men?
Oh, look, a huge f*cking elephant in the room. Well, I suppose we’d better address it. Trans-exclusionary arguments always, without fail, ignore not only the issues that trans men face, but that they exist at all*. There’s no moral panic over where trans men go to do their business; it’s almost like it’s not really about bathrooms. Shouldn’t we be going after these chaps with our pitchforks for betraying the sisterhood? No? Why not? Is it like Queen Victoria refusing to believe that lesbianism existed because she couldn’t imagine it? How simple-minded the anti-trans brigade must be.
|It’s not a zero-sum-game
I’m sure that if you’ve read this far, you don’t need this explaining to you, but here it is anyway: there’s not a finite amount of rights to go round. In protecting the rights of one group, we don’t need to take rights away from someone else in case we run out of human decency. There’s enough to go round for everyone. And if we then come back to the idea that women are suffering because our society chooses to treat transgender people with dignity and respect, I’d really like to see some evidence to support that claim. It’s ok, take as long as you need – the last 40 years or so haven’t yielded anything, so I’m in no rush.
|So what am I allowed to debate then?
Well, you’ll have you consult your self-awareness guide for that one. I’m not going to tell you what to think. But I am going to tell you that you should think. We can criticise gender roles, gender-based violence and discrimination, while still supporting equal rights for transgender people. Indeed, many transgender people will have views on those topics, and they are worth listening to. It’s not an either/or problem. Yes, men in general start off from a more advantageous position than women in almost every area of life. But that’s not a Get Out Of Jail Free card that we can whip out every time a new feminist topic comes up. We didn’t just do feminism up until the 1970s and then it was job done. The world is changing and it’s not going to wait for us. Feminism isn’t simple, and nor should it be.
*NOTE: while trans men get conveniently hushed out of the room, some trans-exclusionary folk do have a problem with non-binary identities. I’m not completely sure what their “academic” argument is, but it quite often descends into insults like “trans-trender”, and it’s really ugly. I can only assume that they feel threatened by AMAB (assigned male at birth) people adopting identities that are more feminine, but at the end of the day it comes across as a dogmatic belief rather than anything backed up by evidence or a solid argument.
|BULLSHIT. That’s right, if it ain’t inclusive, then it ain’t equal. Intersectional feminism strives for equality for all genders, recognising that while gender oppression is a huge factor in an unequal society, it is also more complicated than that alone. There are numerous other influences that are oppressive in their own way, or that combine with gender discrimination to create an even worse problem. For example, a black woman is more likely to experience both racism and sexism, whereas a white woman is likely to only experience sexism, and a different expression of it. Disabled and transgender women are at a similar junction – there are feminist issues specific to minority women that arise because of the traits that make them a minority. It’s really not that difficult to understand, unless you’ve got your head stuck in the 1970s.|
And you’d think, what with them being a switched-on feminist publication, that this would be easy-peasy for Jezebel (they’re often criticised, but the conversations they generate are usually important ones). But they have really let themselves down today:
The headline reads “The FBI, Which Still Won’t Address Online Threats Against Women, Arrested Someone For Tweeting a GIF at a Male Journalist”. This is complete intellectual dishonesty. That headline, while technically true, doesn’t talk about what actually happened. The GIF was sent to the recipient, Kurt Eichenwald, specifically because the sender knew he has photosensitive epilepsy, and with the intention of causing him to experience a seizure. Besides that, it’s possible for the FBI to concentrate on more than one problem at a time – they are a national government-backed organisation with plentiful resources.
|This was investigated and prosecuted because there was enough evidence to bring a case, and because this crime crossed the line from threat to assault. There is an issue of female journalists (and, generally, females) suffering disproportionate and gendered harassment online, and it needs to be taken seriously and investigated. But that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t prosecute other crimes, and arguably this case works towards creating a safer online environment for women anyway, because there is now precedent for dealing with online abuse.
And then, back to the bullshit. The article (click if you dare) and its headline are worded in such a way as to take a story about an individual, trivialise the main issue, turn it around and make it about women. This is the exact derailing tactic used by the “what-about-the-men” trolls, and we shouldn’t be giving sexist knobheads any ammunition by behaving like sexist jerks ourselves. Not to mention the intersectionality fail. Mr Eichenwald was targeted for his disability (although it’s probably no coincidence that the person who did this had the Twitter handle @jew_goldstein). It had nothing to do with his gender, until Jezebel decided to make it so by throwing the disabled under the bus. Thanks a bunch, Jezebel.
Very often when skeptics discuss alternative medicine, they look at the problem only from their own perspective. We know the facts, why won’t people listen, etc, etc. But that ignores the real reasons why people choose alternative medicine. The evidence is enough for us, but it isn’t for some people. And those people tend to be at the more affluent end of the scale. I don’t know whether anyone has studied or theorised on this previously, but there’s a few reasons that I think are behind this:
There are many factors that contribute to this whole, most of them related to the opportunities made available to those with more money. Richer people can afford to partake in more physical and enriching activities, can afford to eat better food, are generally better educated, and are more likely to have access to private health treatments. The rich are already at an advantage, health-wise. Because of this, they’re more likely to pay attention to their health and avoid unhealthy environments, and therefore are already going to be healthier overall. If they don’t experience any medical catastrophes (life threatening illnesses, accidents) then they might suffer the odd minor thing here and there that can be treated at home, and these are the kind of things that clear up by themselves in a few days anyway. These are also the types of ailments for which there is a booming market in alternative remedies. It’s not difficult to see how one might think that taking one of these remedies has “cured” the illness – because it would get better by itself anyway.
|Alt med is a luxury product
Homeopathy, herbal treatments, and spiritual healing aren’t offered by the NHS. There’s a damn good reason for this – they don’t work. But manufacturers and vendors of these products and services market them as a life-enhancing extra. The NHS is there for emergencies, they say. But this is the good stuff. And given how expensive it is, it gives the illusion of quality.
|High-profile celebs endorse it
The Royal family are mega-homeopathy fans, and the Queen’s 90, so it must be good right? (bear in mind what I said about affluence above) Not to mention the polished and glowing celebrity wellness gurus hawking their latest juice cleanse or fanny rocks. As well as being a luxury product, alternative medicine is a fashion accessory. Fashions tend to spread within peer groups, and alt med crap is marketed almost exclusively to middle-class women with traditional responsibilities and high disposable income (yep, the marketing is sexist as well as elitist). Which explains the tendency for lovers (and pushers) of alt med to be female.
Alt med gives you the warm feels
Science and medicine deal in evidence and cold, hard facts. Our health service is underfunded and overstretched, and there just isn’t the time to give every patient a cuddle. There are strong arguments for improving communication, bedside manner, and making care more compassionate, but the present political climate doesn’t allow it. As a former private patient, I know that private healthcare offers more in terms of personalisation, time for the patient, and looking after one’s feelings. This offers benefits in terms of how patients view their recovery and illness; it’s certainly more pleasant to feel like you are “looked after”. Most private hospitals are completely legit, offering speedy, effective, and dignified care. But the one thing they share with the woo-woo clinics is the compassion. Paying for alternative medicine satisfies the yearning that people have to fell like they are “treating the whole person”. Trouble is, that’s all the alt-med will give you. If you want a genuine treatment, you have to defer to the science, sorry.
It’s deceptively alluring
All of the above reasons are driven by emotion, and emotion is an extremely difficult thing to bypass. People cling to delusions and snake oil because it satisfies their need for empathy, and because to shun it would mean leaving behind a part of their identity. Alt med is a lifestyle choice. Based on this, our current tactic of blinding adherents with science is obviously not working. Now that knowledge of the Backfire Effect is spreading, we know that we could be making their views even more entrenched. So what do we do? Whatever technique we use, we have got to remain true to the evidence. Lose our integrity and we’ve had it. Promoters of alt-med are well-versed in persuasive argument techniques and will pounce on the slightest slip-up. I feel that bearing the emotional factor in mind, acknowledging it and discussing that with alt-med users could work. It addresses the issue honestly and would give them something to consider about why they really use alternative remedies. Another tactic is effective science communication, done in a conversational way, involving scientists from a similar societal group to the audience. They need to be relatable, and they need to demonstrate an ability to understand. Simply throwing facts at people and not engaging with those who “disagree” achieves nothing. We need to at least start those conversations, because the most effective way of changing someone’s mind is to get them to reach the conclusion on their own terms. You can sow the seeds and nurture them, but you cant force a change in mindset.
I feel that I’ve missed the boat somewhat here, as this is a conversation I had way back in the days of my first steps in the skeptical movement. But it came to mind because I had a question that I wanted to pose to the Atheism+ people, and I just discovered that their website no longer exists! I am disappointed, because I feel that their movement has a lot to offer atheists, humanists and skeptics. I hope that they still exist in some incarnation, because it would be a shame to lose a more compassionate atheist angle. As well as that, they seemed to be the ones actually doing critical thinking about social and skeptical matters, unlike the self-proclaimed rationalists who would tear them down at every opportunity that they see someone tapping on their glass case of privilege.
|But the conversation I had was about the dichotomy of New Atheism vs. Atheism Plus. And, you guessed it, all dichotomies are false dichotomies. Most of my social circle would err more toward the New Atheist end of the spectrum, and I do criticise their arguments and pose questions that their brand of atheism doesn’t always have a satisfactory answer for. They’re free to do the same in turn for my atheism, but very often they would come at the argument from an extreme position “calling out” the other end of the scale – assuming that I was querying their viewpoints because I was some fringe lefty.
But this is not an either/or problem. I find much of what the New Atheists say in terms of ideas to be useful, and I find the way it is presented to often be extreme and repugnant. In terms of Atheism Plus, I find their philosophy far more welcoming and pragmatic, yet the practice is often exclusionary due to its adherents jumping to conclusions about atheists who don’t exactly fit their mould.
Very often, New Atheists make sole claim to all that is reasonable and rational, and then jump on whatever bandwagon is steamrollering itself over an oppressed minority (because down with social justice – booooooooo!). But I’ve found Atheism Plus to be too defensive when genuine questions are asked. I know that this stems from the phenomenon of “Just Asking Questions“, which New-Atheist trolls are very good at, but it unfortunately spills over into suspicion of people who are genuinely curious.
|In my response to the question of whether one is “better” than the other, or whether they can even co-exist, I sort-of said that I thought it was the wrong question. Because I do think that they can co-exist, but more than that, that they aren’t mutually exclusive philosophies. There are going to be disagreements between these groups on certain, nay many, points. But that’s half the fun of thinking skeptically – you ask two intellectuals a question and you get five different answers. Atheism, skepticism & humanism aren’t any different, and it shouldn’t be seen as a problem if there are disagreements, or divergent viewpoints on some issues. I suppose we come into difficulties when extreme views are involved; say a New Atheist with anti-feminist views wants to “debate” Atheism Plus, well that’s obviously going nowhere. But then we get into absolutes again – many progressive people would say that to be anti-feminist is a right-wing and backward ideology, but the counter-argument is that to be feminist is an ideology (no, no, no, it isn’t – but that’s how the arguments go).|
So I suppose the problem here is that there are people who decide that they are very much on one side or the other, and that they quite like there being two “sides”. New Atheism and Atheism Plus can coexist in the same brain, so I don’t see why there’s so much unease at them existing in the same movement. If we adhere to one school of thought too rigidly, or define it too narrowly, we’ll come up against conflicts both internally and externally. It is one thing to be able to hold two contradicting ideas simultaneously (which we can all do), and another to simply hold an array of beliefs that have no contradictions, but come from different sources. Um, isn’t the second one actually easier…?
Yesterday, there were a couple of items in the local news from back where my parents live. A man had been stabbed outside Tesco’s, and a body was found in a park just 300m down the seafront from there. Sadly, this isn’t unusual for the area. One of my numerous (and tenuous) claims to fame is that my parents’ house made it on to the national news – because our next-door neighbours got busted in a drugs raid.
|I had no reason to believe the two events were linked. There’s enough violence to go round for discrete butcherings. But when they said that a body had been found, it did have some ideas in my head about who it might be. I’d assumed that it was probably an adult, maybe a homeless person dying from a preventable cause, or some alky or junkie succumbing to their vice.
However, today they announced that the body was that of an infant, a girl. This to me seemed more shocking, not because I believe younger lives are worth more than older lives, or that babies are more ‘precious’, but because this is really unusual. Oh, and it challenged my assumptions.
I wonder what that person’s story is.
How did they get there?
How did they die?
Were they loved?
Maybe we’ll find out in time. Maybe we won’t. I’m sure that I’ll be wrong about a lot more.
|When we speak of Intimate Partner Violence, we inevitably think of battered wives and outward signs of abuse. Yet much of the control and domination is more difficult to see from the outside, and as a result it can be difficult to put a name to that type of violence. Indeed, there are some who don’t believe it’s that serious at all.
Ironically enough, gaslighting falls into this abuse category, and it is perpetuated by doubters by making the victim question if they’re really sure it was abuse. I’ve had a difficult past, and there are many things that have been left unresolved that affect me to this day. A friend who works with survivors of abuse sent me some factsheets that are used in recovery programs, to help me make sense of what I experienced. Links are available by clicking on the subheadings below.
Biderman’s Chart of Coercion is a tool developed to explain the methods used to break the will or brainwash a prisoner of war. Domestic violence experts believe that domestic abusers use these same techniques.
This second link contains the original language used by Biderman specifically regarding PoWs; I have included it here for context and comparison. Click Here
The Duluth Power and Control Wheel is a visual representation of the concept that Domestic Abuse involves a wide range of behaviours which are reinforced by actual or threatened physical/sexual violence with the purpose of having control over a victim [Source: Newcastle Women’s Aid].
|Often, emotional abuse and control is a precursor to actual violence. Even if it never reaches that point, it can break a person’s spirit and have profound & long-lasting consequences for their mental health & wellbeing. It’s important that we take this form of abuse seriously, not just in its own right, but as an indicator of the likelihood of worse to come.
When I left, things had started to become violent. I’m sure that I would have left sooner if I had the confidence to trust my instincts, and if I knew that there was a recognised pattern of abuse that I was experiencing. When I was going through this, I just wasn’t sure how to describe what was going on, and because I’d only been hit once or twice, I thought “it wasn’t really proper violence, was it?” Friends and relatives downplayed my worries, and put it down to arguments, or me being “difficult”. We need to educate people on the reality of domestic abuse – that it takes many forms and it isn’t all physical. Please share this post widely – the more knowledge available to ordinary citizens, the more we can take control of our own lives.
Today was a Throwback Friday! Sounds exciting, doesn’t it? This week, we’re going back to the 1970s, so get your tank tops and platform heels ready! Fujifilm, somewhat unbelievably, ran a press conference with a product demo that included a semi-naked female body as a prop for “testing the camera’s performance on skin tone”. Yeah right, pull the other one. It was a thinly-veiled excuse to cover up that they brought out a topless model to titillate the all-male audience.
Fortunately, one of them spoke out. Everyone listened to him because, well, he’s a man. Women have been complaining about this sort of thing for decades, but are routinely mocked and silenced.
The Metro’s article on this is surprisingly good (usually The Metro’s only any good if the train toilet’s run out of bog roll on the morning commute) – you can read it by clicking here.
My thoughts on this aren’t as stereotypically righteous as you might imagine. While I do find it offensive that this was deemed an appropriate marketing technique in 2017, I’m actually really embarrassed for Fujifilm. Like, seriously, did no-one tell them it’s 2017?
When I first started working in engineering; design offices and site cabins had nude calendars everywhere, hardcore pornography was sent round the office by email, and corporate jollies involving strip clubs were commonplace (this was in the early 2000s). There was very much an atmosphere of it being a “men’s space”. I did not dare question this set-up, as those in charge were the same ones who were responsible for my progression and pay-packet. Worse than that, I was frequently underestimated and was the brunt of every “dumb woman” or “feminazi” joke going. If Bernard Manning had walked in one day, I wouldn’t have been surprised.
As more and more women enter professions that are traditionally male-dominated, there is a transition period where nasty behaviours get exposed and weeded out. The first women through the doors have to bear the brunt of the sexism and complaints that they’re ruining everything, and it’s Political Correctness Gone Mad or Feminism Going Too Far. There’s an element of this still in motoring and gaming (please, please, please, no-one mention GamerGate).
While I find it really childish that groups of grown men left to their own devices are only comfortable working in a playground environment, I also find it fascinating. Why does this happen almost universally in male-dominated circles? Given that I know a ton of men who aren’t rampant sexists, but who also wouldn’t complain about it either, here’s what I think is going on:
A few macho types at the top of the food chain proudly display their masculinity by creating an atmosphere in which overt manliness is the norm. No-one is going to question it, as to be seen doing so would make one “less manly” (oh nooooooooooooooooo!). And in not questioning it, all of the men get to enjoy the benefits: loads of pictures of boobs, and none of those pesky women hanging around telling them they can’t make poo jokes all day. Outside of this environment, these men (including the ringleaders, most of the time) behave like civilised human beings – they wouldn’t want anyone behaving around their mothers or wives like that, right? Trouble is, it perpetuates the problem, and makes it hard for women to succeed in these fields. As well as being made to feel uncomfortable, it’s a lot easier to dismiss and ignore those that you openly hold in contempt.
Apparently photography is a male-dominated field (quelle surprise!). I wonder how many other instances of this there are that we don’t hear about. I doubt any of those Good Men Who Say Nothing will be opening their mouths about it any time soon. Maybe it’s because they are embarrassed too.
I recently joined a Facebook group that is an anechoic chamber, so that I could have more fiery and meaningful discussions than the samey agreement and self-congratulatory nature of my regular feed.
And it just so happened that one of the first posts I saw was on my expert subject of body modification. And it had the type of responses you might see in the feed of someone more straight-laced than I… it reminded me of a conversation I had with my bestie the other week. We were out for a stroll to the tattoo studio (by some amazing coincidence), and after discussing the more mainstream mods, we moved in to the realm of The Jobstopper. We’re both heavily into body modification, and we both have respectable office jobs. Some employers are really twitchy about anything out-of-the-ordinary appearance wise, but we have been lucky in finding workplaces that are a little more accepting. Their appreciation of diversity allows us to be ourselves, and to be devoted to our careers (I feel more loyal to my employer because they accept me as I am). And, our conversation went something like this:
BESTIE: I’m thinking about sub-dermal implants; the piercer had some amazing ones!
ME: Yeah, it’s something I’ve thought about too, but I’m not sure what I’d get, so maybe one for the future.
BESTIE: How about some horns? [Aside: if you’re wondering what this is about, false horns can be created by sliding a silicone “horn” into a pocket made under the skin. It’s then stitched up and bandaged, and in a few weeks you have some nicely healed horns.]
ME: Honestly, I think that’s going a bit far. I mean my employer has put up with a lot from me, appearance-wise. I can just imagine the conversation now: “Look, Science Lady, when we took you on, we were aware of the visible tattoos, and the facial piercings, which seem to have grown in number. And the blue hair, well, we were a bit taken aback by that; but we thought, hey, it’s just one of those quirky things. But this – horns for f@ck’s sake! Horns! Did you even think about how this is going to look to clients? Seriously, it’s your body and all, but if you don’t come in tomorrow with a tail implant to match then we’re going to have to make this a disciplinary matter.”
|This is what I use for my signature blue hair, after application of copious amounts of bleach.|
I’ve got some new stuff in my Science Lady store on Cafepress. In a similar theme to the Periodic Table merch, I’ve created a line of products based on hazard symbols. So far I’ve focused on the UN Economic Commission for Europe’s standard Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), but I will be adding more over time.
Please let me know in the comments if you have any ideas for future products that you’d like to see!